I consider al pastor tacos one of my favorite tacos; always there to satisfy at 2 am off a truck and is blow-your-mind-good freshly sliced off the trompo, a vertical rotisserie al pastor is traditionally cooked on. And then there’s the one I had in Guanajuato that shattered my taco world. The geniuses there melted a thin slice of stringy cheese on the small corn tortilla before piling the shaved meat on top. Holy. Pork.
Al pastor means “shepherd style” in Spanish and refers to the way the meat is cooked. This rotisserie-like pork, marinated in a mixture of chiles and spices, is used in a variety of ways in anything from tacos to tortas (sandwiches).
This method of roasting meat is unique to al pastor in Mexico but common in the Middle East where it was brought to central Mexico by early Lebanese immigrants. Pig-friendly Mexican cooks likely adapted this equipment by swapping the lamb or beef that is traditionally used for shawarma for pork. A large pineapple is usually placed on top of the stacked slices of pork which has a natural enzyme called bromelain that tenderizes meat (the grilled pineapple also doubles as a great little topping to the tacos).
While al pastor is typically something that is enjoyed on the streets of Mexico, this is totally doable at home. There are different options for cooking the meat and can be cooked on the grill for a great summer BBQ.
Serves about 10 or a whole lot of tacos
- 4-5 pound boneless pork butt, sliced into 1/4 inch thick slices (ask your butcher to do this)
- 3 oz of achiote paste (I like El Yucateco brand)
- 2 guajillo chilies
- 4 California chilies
- 1/2 cup of fresh pineapple juice (buy a whole pineapple and use half for the juice and the other half as a topping to the tacos)
- 4 cloves of garlic
- 1/2 teaspoon of oregano
- 1 tsp of cumin
- 1 tbsp of white vinegar
- 1 tbsp of kosher or sea salt
- 1 yellow onion, sliced
- corn tortillas
- 2 white onions, finely diced
- 1 bundle of cilantro, finely minced
- sliced radishes
- lime wedges
- fresh pineapple slices
- tomatillo salsa
In a small pot bring some water to a boil and add the chilies. Turn off the heat and let the chilies steep until they are pliable.
If you are making your own pineapple juice, cut 1/2 the pineapple into chunks and put into a blender and blend for a couple minutes until liquified. Pour it through a fine mesh sieve over a bowl and reserve 1/2 cup of the juice. It will be a bit thick so use a spatula or spoon and keep stirring the mixture against the sieve. If you have a juicer you can just juice the pineapple in there. Or if you’re able to get fresh pineapple juice you won’t have to bother with this process at all! I recommend not using canned pineapple juice because the powerful meat-tenderizing enzymes are killed in the pasteurization process. However if you must use canned pineapple juice, just marinate the meat overnight.
Take the chilies out of the hot water and remove stems and seeds. Add them to a blender or food processor and add the 1/2 cup of pineapple juice. Blend for a few minutes until very smooth and pass through a fine mesh sieve again. It will be a bit thick so use a spatula or spoon and keep stirring the mixture against the sieve. Pour this pineapple-chilies mixture back into the blender or food processor and add cumin, oregano, garlic, achiote paste, 1 tablespoon of white vinegar and 1 tablespoon of salt and blend until smooth.
In a large bowl or dish, slather thick marinade between layers of pork and add the sliced onions in between, placing each new layer of pork directly on top of each other. Cover with plastic wrap and let it marinade in the refrigerator for one hour (and no more because those pineapple enzymes are powerful!)
In a very large skillet, heat it on high heat until it is scorching hot. Sprinkle a little more salt on both sides of the meat. Sear the pork for 1-2 minutes on each side. Throw in the onions that was in your marinade as well. Your pork should have enough fat on it so you won’t need any additional oil but if it doesn’t add, just a little to your pan. Sear off all of the pork and then dice them roughly into 1/2 inch cubes. Return the diced meat into the pan in batches (don’t crowd your pan) and cook the meat until it gets nice and brown about 10 minutes.
Alternative cooking method 1: If you have a griddle, you can dice the marinated pork after you take it out of the refrigerator and throw it on the griddle and cook at 425 degrees or on high until the meat gets nice and brown, about 15 minutes.
Alternative cooking method 2: Grill the slices of pork on a barbeque and then dice into small pieces.
Add all the marinating onions and some pineapple slices in your pan, grill or griddle so they become caramelized.
Heat some small tortillas on the pan or griddle. I used the tiny tortillas, because I think they’re cute. No other reason.
To assemble your tacos, place two tortillas and pile a little meat on top. Add some onions and cilantro, maybe some tomatillo salsa and some grilled pineapple if you so desire. Buen provecho!
(Trompo image from here, rest from Globetrotter Diaries)